Bullying is a continuum of behavior that involves the attempt to gain power and dominance over another.  A student or person is bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over a period of time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other students. Bullying is intentional hurt (physical and/or psychological) caused to the recipient that is provoked, occurs repeatedly, and the bully is stronger than the victim or is perceived to be stronger.

Types of Bullying:

Physical: can range from poking, pinching, and biting to hitting, pulling hair, choking, kicking or beating- with the intent of causing physical discomfort or distress.

Sexual: Involves such actions as ” Making sexual comments, jokes, or gestures; touching, grabbing or pinching in a sexual way: intentionally brushing up against {another student} in a sexual way, or flashing or mooning someone.”

Emotional/ Psychological: can also involve threats and spreading rumors, as well as exclusion, extortion, defamation of character, blackmail, and a range of other emotional terrorizing behaviors.

Verbal- involves such things as teasing, name calling, threats and spreading rumors.

Some Facts about Bullying:

* Bullying is the most common form of violence in our society: between 15-30%  of students are bullies or victims.

* A recent report from the American Medical Association estimates that approximately 3.7 Male youth engage in, and more than 3.2 Male youth are victims of, moderate or serious bullying each year.

* Over two-thirds of students believe that schools respond poorly to bullying, with a high percentage of students believing that adult help is infrequent and ineffective.

* 25% of teachers see nothing wrong with bullying or putdowns and consequently intervene in only 4% of bullying incidents.

 

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